At present, the consumption of energy for the air conditioning of buildings in Spain equates to 42% of total energy consumption. In this context, legislative initiatives have been promoted on both a European (Directive 2010/31/EU) and national (Royal Decree 235/2013) level to increase the energy requirements for buildings. This situation is a wonderful opportunity for innovative construction solutions to reduce energy demand.
One of the objectives of the SDG is to encourage the inclusion of efficient resources to mitigate climate change in urban centres. Moreover, an increase in the proportion of renewable energy is one of the future commitments. In this respect, the present project is proposing a technology that facilitates the use and integration of renewable energies in buildings. The implementation of this system is also expected to contribute to the commitment to increase the world energy efficiency rate.
The new technology is a prefabricated panel with a thermal inertia activation system that will provide a reduction in the energy demand of air conditioning in commercial and residential buildings. The project will provide the construction sector with a new commercial system that will contribute to the construction of zero or near-zero energy buildings. Tied to these energy savings is major potential to reduce derived CO2 emissions and therefore have a positive impact on the immediate natural surroundings and society in general. It is hoped that the development of this innovative system will have a notable effect on business activities in relation to energy efficiency on both a national and international level. It should also be noted that this reduction in the energy demand of buildings will suppose less dependence on foreign energy. The energy deficit made up an average of 28.2% of Spain’s overall trade deficit in 2013. This solution would theoretically suppose a potential reduction in foreign trade deficit by approximately 500 million euros a year.