The project starts in 2010 based on the analysis of the Continuous Sample of Labour Lives (MCVL). Its main objective is to systematically evaluate the impact of the social benefits provided by the Social Security (SS) in Spain (unemployment, disability and pensions) on the association between work trajectory, premature mortality (before 70) due to specific causes (cardiovascular, cancer, mental, external) and, years of disability-free working life (up to 65). It is a longitudinal study based on the crossing of records between the MCVL of the SS, the causes of mortality of the National Institute of Statistics and the episodes of temporary disability due to common contingency (only for residents in Catalonia) of the Catalan Institute of Medical Assessments. From the MCVL we have built a dynamic cohort of affiliates to the SS (WORKSS) that includes more than 1.5 million active people (employed or unemployed) that have been affiliated at some time between 2004-2016 and from which we have been able to reconstruct their working life since 1981. The project receives funding from the Carlos III Health Institute through the Health Research Fund (FIS PI17/00220 – PI14/00057- PI11/01470- PI08/0914) and the CIBER of Epidemiology and Public Health (Program 6).
Work is one of the main determinants of health. The study of the relationship between work and health can help to understand the complexity of the positive effects (income, access to health services, identity, etc.), in addition to preventing the negative effects (injuries, illnesses and disabilities) of a decent and secure paid work related mainly to SDG 8, but also and very closely with objectives 3 and 10.
The potential beneficiaries of the applications of our research include all people who work, whether on their own account or by others, and especially those who work in informality (5-10% in Europe, 60% worldwide). In particular, our research can contribute positively to the achievement of targets 3.8, 3d, 8.8 and 10.4 from the SDG framework.