The general objective is to provide a multi-criteria tool for decision making in refugee camps developed at the UPC-BarcelonaTech. The main goal is to maximize the satisfaction of potential refugees and minimize the negative impacts. In this sense, another very important objective is to improve the management of all the resources and waste produced.
The team identified three main problems. First, the existence of various areas of temporary housing built with inappropriate technologies, taking into account environmental aspects, natural (earthquakes) and cultural risks. The second is the high risk of a high magnitude earthquake in several nerve centers of the country (Iran) such as the capital, Tehran, and the lack of means and resources to decide the location and type of construction for the displaced persons (which can reach up to tens of thousands). The last is that NGOs and government agencies, when building emergency homes, have no tools to take into account the requirements that provide their users with satisfaction as Doctor Amin Hosseini’s doctoral studies show.
This project was supported by the Cooperation Center for Development (CCD) and the counterpart, the Islamic Azad University of Tehran (Iran). This research contributes mainly to SDG11, as it will allow cities located in areas where there is a risk of dangerous natural phenomena of having tools to reduce their vulnerability and mitigate the possible risk. In this sense, it seeks to make cities and human settlements inclusive, secure, resilient and sustainable; as well as building resilient infrastructure, promoting inclusive and sustainable industrialization and fostering innovation. It also contributes to SDG17.
This is the case, for example, of Tehran, Iran, a city of 8,5 million inhabitants that will be able to benefit from the results of this investigation. These results today are included in several completed doctoral thesis, several master thesis, book chapters, scientific articles and conferences.
The continuity of the project is a reality with the current project “Decision-making models for sustainable and participatory post-disaster reconstruction in areas of high seismic risk: the case of Kermanshah, Iran”, which also has the economic support of the CCD, of the above-mentioned counterpart and of two more counterparts: the Kermanshah municipal government and the Iranian Housing Foundation association.